workplace discrimination scale

We extrapolated our results to get a sense of the scale and effects of the age discrimination scourge across the nation. Could you tell me more about what happened? How stressful was this experience for you? For UNFAIR reasons, do you think you have ever not been hired for a job?3. 1997; 2(3):335-351.•    Studies of Validity and Reliabilityo    Krieger N., Smith K., Naishadham D., Hartman C., Barbeau E.M. “Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health.” Social Science & Medicine. Have you ever been unfairly discouraged by a teacher or advisor from continuing your education? Everybody judges that person." ), Perspectives on Social Problems. 474-483,  San Diego, CA: Academic Press.•    Williams, D.R., Mohammed, S.A.  “Discrimination and Racial Disparities in Health: Evidence and Needed Research.” Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2009 32:20-47.•    Williams, D.R., Mohammed, S.A., Leavell, J., Collins, C.  "Race, Socioeconomic Status and Health: Complexities, Ongoing Challenges and Research Opportunities.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2010 1186:69-101. Not at all. by Niall McCarthy, Oct 24, 2019 Workplace health and wellness in the U.S. Nevertheless, workplace discrimination is a real and pressing issue, and candidates get their applications sidelined or overlooked due to these factors all the time. Have you ever been unfairly denied a bank loan?9. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY denied a promotion?5. Source: Williams, D.R., Yu, Y., Jackson, J.S., and Anderson, N.B. Your Sexual Orientationj. •    Adapted from NSAL for the CCAHS study. Surveying Racial Discrimination: Analyses From a Multiethnic Labor Market. Your race4. You were fired? Your age2. •    Expanded from the 1995 Detroit Area Study and the MIDUS study for the YES Health Study•    Source: In Press  Williams, D.R., John, D., Oyserman, D., Sonnega, J., Mohammed, S.A., Jackson, J.S. Talked to someone about how you were feeling.6. 1990; 30 (12), 1273-1281.H6. <> In addition to what we have talked about, is there any other way you have been treated UNFAIRLY AT WORK, for example, prevented from doing something or been hassled or made to feel inferior?Housing6. Pp. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Some other aspect of your appearance8. )# OF TIMES IN YOUR LIFE1. 1999 54:805-816.•    Williams, D.R. “The Health of the African American Population.” Silvia Pedraza and Ruben G. Rumbaut (eds. You were denied or provided inferior medical care? Have you ever been unfairly denied a bank loan?USE SAME FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONS AS FOR THE FULL SCALE, •    Developed for the YES Study •    Adapted from 2 sources:o    McNeilly, M.D., Anderson, N.B., Armstead, C.A., Clark, R., Corbett, M., Robinson, E.L., Pieper, C.F. A little4. 2000; 527-564., New York: Russell Sage Foundation, •    Measure: Here are some situations that can arise at work. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge Building Room 615, Boston, MA 02115, •    Source: Williams, D.R., Yu, Y., Jackson, J.S., and Anderson, N.B. x���mo�8����G �2�H��H��������)�~Pm��^���K��͐�M�"��H��G�¡������6���ã������|=���������>�\��/�f~�x���?9&�/^~`�1�Irqu����3"2E��h�SU��ۃW��?�}��kBҿ�ů�N�?��ziN3.���/��%����a@��wMswSu����$9���4YA�5ݡ�(C���Ϩ���y+� �i��dZВh&h�Z����"����2������׫)~�L_�g�v��z�?�y������ZN�Ӑ��lk��T�7�W����BS�J�3rNI*�/i�����MZ�WUʲ�_�B#5�ړ�^pʠ)l��6�ׇ�\Mx�Th^�R�ݢ�{Q3ρm�!2�6r{1[�T��ȋ •    Source: In Press  Williams, D.R., John, D., Oyserman, D., Sonnega, J., Mohammed, S.A., Jackson, J.S. “Racial Disparities in Health.” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 2011; 8: 95-113. And even when they do make it past the hiring filter, employees can also be the victims of prejudice and biased behavior when interacting with their bosses and colleagues. endobj Increased your efforts to make things work. Try to prepare for possible insults before leaving home?3. ), Perspectives on Social Problems. stream “Discrimination, Symptoms of Depression, and Self-rated General Health among African American Women in Detroit:  Longitudinal Results from Eastside Village Health Worker Partnership.”  American Journal of Public Health, 2006 96(7):1265-1270.•    Borrell, L. N., Kiefe, C.I., Williams, D.R., Diez-Roux, A.V., Gordon-Larsen, P.  “Self-Reported Health, Perceived Racial Discrimination, and Skin Color in African Americans in the CARDIA Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2006 63:1415-27.•    Richman, L.S., Kohn-Wood, L.P., Williams, D.R., “The Role of Discrimination and Racial Identity for Mental Health Service Utilization.” Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2007 26(8): 960-981.•    Oyserman, D., Uskul, A.K., Yoder, N., Nesse, R.M., Williams, D.R., “Unfair Treatment and Self-Regulatory Focus.”  Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology, 2007 43:505-512.•    Williams, D.R., González, H.M., Williams, S., Mohammed, S.A., Moomal, H, Stein, D.J. •    Developed for the Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS). The leading treatise on U.S. employment discrimination law runs to two volumes and 3,500 pages; no other country has a discrimination law treatise so long.2 By now, decades after America’s civil Prismatic Metropolis: Inequality in Los Angeles. 2000; 527-564., New York: Russell Sage Foundation, •    Developed for the 1995 Detroit Area Study (DAS). Have you ever been UNFAIRLY denied a bank loan?18. •    This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH). Powerless5. 3. Your sexual orientation10. Went on as if nothing had happened. ), Self, Social Identity and Physical Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations. 71-100.•    Brown, T.N., Williams, D.R., Jackson, J.S., Neighbors, H.W., Torres, M., Sellers, S.L., and Brown, K.T. Criticized or lectured yourself. “Perceived Discrimination and Stigma Towards Children Affected by HIV/AIDS and Their HIV-Positive Caregivers in Central Haiti,”  AIDS Care, 2010 22(2):803-815.•    Shariff-Marco, S., Breen, N., Landrine, H., Reeve, B.B., Krieger, N., Gee, G.C., Williams, D.R., Mays, V.M., Ponce, N.A., Alegria, M. “Measuring Everyday Racial/Ethnic Discrimination in Health Surveys.” Du Bois Review, 2011 8(1): 159-177.•    Sternthal, M., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R. Think of your WORST experience of ____________________. 1996; 6 (1,2), 154-166.o    Krieger, N. “Racial and gender discrimination: Risk factors for high blood pressure?” Social Science and Medicine. Please tell me how often you have experienced them during the past 12 months.Discrimination (3 items, alpha =.73) 1. the discrimination caused you to suffer depression and you can’t work because of it you can’t work because your employer won’t make adjustments for your disability you’ve been forced to go off sick because your employer won’t take steps to protect your health and safety while you’re pregnant 1997; 2(3):335-351. o    Krieger N., Smith K., Naishadham D., Hartman C., Barbeau E.M. “Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health.” Social Science & Medicine. For unfair reasons, do you think you have ever not been hired for a job?3. How often do you feel that you are ignored or not taken seriously by your boss?10. 2011 6(11):e27636.•    Williams, D.R., John, D., Oyserman, D., Sonnega, J., Mohammed, S.A., Jackson, J.S. “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452. "Victimi-ation studies"refer to surveys, polls or interviews that ask respondents whether they have experienced discrimination in the workplace. •    Adapted from NSAL for the CCAHS study•    Source:  Sternthal, M.J., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R. 1997 9:231-261.•    Williams, D.R., Yu, Y. and Jackson, J.S. Oxford, Academic Press. Talked to someone who could do something concrete about the situation. You receive poorer service than other people at restaurants or stores.4. •    Source: Kessler, R.C., Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R. Part One: Fighting Workplace Discrimination on a Global Scale Discrimination law in the United States is more evolved than in any other country on Earth. “Research on Discrimination and Health: An Exploratory Study of Unresolved Conceptual and Measurement Issues” American Journal of Public Health. A physical disability2. & Collins, C. "Racial Residential Segregation: A Fundamental Cause of Racial Disparities in Health." That article began ominously in the first sentence of its abstract: Prejudice and discrimination against women has become increasingly subtle and covert (N. V. Benokraitis & J. R. Feagin, 1986). •    Krieger, N., Waterman, P.D., Kosheleva, A., Chen, J.T., Carney, D.R., Smith, K.W., Bennett, G.G., Williams, D.R., Freeman, E., Russell, B., Thornhill, G., Mikolowsky, K., Rifkin, R., Samuel, L. “Exposing Racial Discrimination: Implicit & Explicit Measures-The My Body, My Story Study of 1005 US-Born Black & White Community Health Center Members.” PLoS One. 12. Over one hundred and fifty million Americans over the age of twenty are obese. Your Weight    8. •    Collins, C. and Williams, D.R. You are called names or insulted.9. endobj Due to population ageing, older workers will make up a larger proportion of the workforce. Major Experiences of Discrimination (NSAL and SASH version)•    Adapted from 1995 DAS and MIDUS•    Source: Williams, D.R., González, H.M., Williams, S., Mohammed, S.A., Moomal, H, Stein, D.J. NOH5. You were prevented from renting or buying a home in the neighborhood you wanted? Overall, how much harder has your life been because of discrimination?1. How many times has this happened in your ENTIRE LIFE?1. •    Source: Forman, T.A., Williams, D.R., and Jackson, J.S. 2005; 61(7):1576-1596.o    Taylor T.R., Kamarck T.W., Shiffman S. “Validation of the Detroit area study discrimination scale in a community sample of older African American adults: the Pittsburgh healthy heart project.” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 3. You are treated with less courtesy than other people are.2. Response scale for all items:    Once a week or more………1    A few times a month………2    A few times a year………3    Less than once a year………4    Never…………………5, •    In dealing with these day-to-day experiences that you just told me about, how often do you:1. Your Education or Income Level    10. Sleazy businessman harassing a shocked female coworker. ), Closing the Gap:  Improving the Health of Minority Elders in the New Millennium. 2019;66(4):549-570. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2017.1422935. and Neighbors, H., "Racism, Discrimination & Hypertension: Evidence & Needed Research", Ethnicity & Disease. Smith Fawzi, M.C. Age discrimination is the adverse treatment of a worker based on their age. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?7. 3 0 obj Have you ever been unfairly prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?6. Pp. How often do your supervisor or coworkers make slurs or jokes about racial or ethnic groups?2. You were not given a job promotion? 7. 5 Pp. Male symbol and female symbol on the scale Gender Equality, Adult, Balance, Weight Scale workplace discrimination stock illustrations. 10 Diversity and Inclusion Questions to Use in Your Company Survey. In addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior in getting into or staying in a neighborhood that you wanted?Education10. How often do your coworkers use racial or ethnic slurs or jokes?7. Ashmore (eds. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 16 0 R 17 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 26 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 32 0 R 40 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R 47 0 R 49 0 R 53 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> If you think discrimination doesn’t exist in the workplace, you simply don’t know what it is. “Segregation and Mortality: The Deadly Effects of Racism.” Sociological Forum. •    Measure: Here are some more situations that can arise at work. 1997; 9:231-261. Some3. How often do your supervisor or coworkers make slurs or jokes about women?3. This survey template is carefully curated for organizations and has questions that are a balanced mix of demographic and gender discrimination related questions. �̾e�m*b��B���Dz|YI�.��yƽ>ݯ��%$��� ˆM�&H�.��s̖�]�X�ƚ�=��O��i;�僐2O�}y��G�����3�A��7 (PROBE:  ensure that information is included about the age, gender, and race of the perpetrator).H3. Have you ever been UNFAIRLY denied a scholarship?12. Your ethnicity………1    Your gender………2    Your race………3    Your age………4    Your religion………5    Your physical appearance………6    Your sexual orientation………7    Your income level/social class………8    Other Specify __________ 2. What do you think was the main reason for this experience? “Racial Disparities in Health.” Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 2011; 8: 95-113. o    McNeilly, M.D., Anderson, N.B., Armstead, C.A., Clark, R., Corbett, M., Robinson, E.L., Pieper, C.F. 1999 40(3):208-230.•    QuestionnaireS13. Follow-up questions after each item:1. People act as if they are afraid of you.6. How Common Is Workplace Discrimination? “Race and Health: A Multidimensional Approach to African American Health.” Benjamin C. Amick, Sol Levin, Diana Chapman Walsh, and Alvin R. Tarlov (eds. (L. D. Bobo, M. L. Oliver, J. H. Johnson, A. Valenzuela, Eds.). Background: Discrimination is associated with depressive symptoms and other negative health effects, but little is known about the mental health risks of workplace gender discrimination. Vulnerable    8. 2004; 11:88–94. 1999 40(3):208-230. Your Height    g.    Your Weight    h.    Some other Aspect of Your Physical Appearance    i. c. Expanded Everyday Discrimination Scale  A 10thitem was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.”  This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) 4 questionnaire commercial illustrator workplace discrimination stock illustrations. Your Education or Income Level    OTHER POSSIBLE CATEGORIES TO CONSIDER1. “Race Stress and Physical Health: The Role of Group Identity”  R.J. Contrada and R.D. “The Prevalence, Distribution, and Mental Health Correlates of Perceived Discrimination in the United States.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior. JAI Press. (PHS) 1995 96-1214:320-325.•    Jackson, J.S. endobj In addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior by the police or the courts?Other Major Experiences of Unfair Treatment17. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 51, 23–30. JAI Press. 10. You are treated with less respect than other people are.3. (check all that apply).1. ONCE5. Can you tell me if any of the following has ever happened to you:1. Would you say it was:Very stressful        Quite stressful    Somewhat stressful    Not at all stressful, •    Used in the Yes Health Study•    Adapted from 2 sources:o    McNeilly, M.D., Anderson, N.B., Armstead, C.A., Clark, R., Corbett, M., Robinson, E.L., Pieper, C.F. “The Health of U.S. How often are you watched more closely than other workers?3. Worked harder to prove them wrong. 321-326  in George Fink (ed. “Research on Discrimination and Health: An Exploratory Study of Unresolved Conceptual and Measurement Issues” American Journal of Public Health. “Racial and Spatial Relations as Fundamental Determinants of Health in Detroit.”  Milbank Quarterly, 2002 80(4): 677-707.•    Williams, D.R., Neighbors, H.W., and Jackson, J.S. 2000 41:314-332. Talked to someone about how you were feeling. “The Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Obesity in a Population Based Multiracial/Ethnic Adult Sample.” American Journal of Public Health, 2009 99(7):1285-1292.•    Friedman, E.M., Williams, D.R., Singer, B.H., Ryff, C.D. Your Age    5. You were discouraged by a teacher or advisor from seeking higher education? No. Didn’t let it get to you; refused to think about it too much.6. Tried to do something about it. 9. “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. Have you ever UNFAIRLY received service from someone such as a plumber or car mechanic that was worse than what other people get?20. •    Ren, X.S., Amick, B., Williams, D.R. (If more than one main reason, circle all that apply.)1. 2 0 obj Tried to forget that it had happened. This isn't like prostate cancer—nobody sees prostate cancer. “Racial Disparities in Health: How Much Does Stress Really Matter?” Du Bois Review, 2011 8(1): 95-113.•    Rooks, Ronica., Xu, Y., Holliman, B., Williams, D.R. 6. <> This is a review of five instruments designed to measure workplace discrimination, prejudice, and attitudes toward diversity. At any time in your life, have you ever been UNFAIRLY fired?2. Available:  http://www.mhsip.org/pdfs/jackson.pdf.•    Schulz, A.J., Gravlee, C.C., Williams, D.R., Israel, B., Mentz, G., Rowe, Z. •    Albert, M.A., Williams, D.R., “Discrimination: An Emerging Target for CVD Risk Reduction?” Invited Commentary. ���MZ�����q� What is race discrimination, and how can it manifest in the workplace? 2000 Johns-Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. DHHS pub. Copyright © 2021 The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Age discrimination in the workplace: Validation of the Nordic Age Discrimination Scale (NADS). And it transcends every aspect of a person's life because everybody sees this. How often have you been unfairly humiliated in front of others at work?Response scale for all items:    Once a week or more………1    A few times a month………2    A few times a year………3    Less than once a year………4    Never…………………5. Have you ever moved into a neighborhood where neighbors made life difficult for you or your family?8. “Perceived discrimination and mental health disorders:  The South African Stress and Health study.”  South African Medical Journal, 2009 99(5):383-389.•    Hunte, H., Williams, D.R. Workplace discrimination can be categorized into four main types: racial discrimination, sex/gender discrimination, age discrimination, and disability discrimination. Your Height or Weight    7. 1995 21:349-386.•    King, G. and Williams, D.R. Your Education or Income Level. Was your worst experience of ____________________ also your MOST RECENT experience?Response Categories:     YES -   GO TO H5e. “Racial segregation and disparities in cancer stage for seniors.”  Journal of General Internal Medicine, 2008 23(5):699-705.•    Haas, J. S., Earle, C. C., Orav, J. E., Brawarsky, P., Keohane, M., Neville, B. Together, studies show that obese people s… 1997 2(3):335-351.•    Forman, T.A., Williams, D.R., and Jackson, J.S. Have you ever moved into a neighborhood where neighbors made life difficult for you or your family? 93-130.•    Williams, D.R. “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. Harvard T.H. Collins (eds. A Physical Disability    11. Your Gender    3. You were prevented from remaining in a neighborhood because neighbors made life so uncomfortable? Please tell me if you did each of the following things.1. In what month did it happen?___________________________________H5b. 1996; 6 (1,2), 154-166. o    Bobo, L, Suh SA. MORE THAN ONCE (SPECIFY):GO TO H1c.H1b. How many times in your life have you been discriminated against in each of the following ways because of such things as your race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or other characteristics? Was your worst experience of ________________________ also your VERY FIRST experience?Response Categories:     YES -   GO TO H4. Internet. (PROBE:  ensure that information is included about the age, gender, and race of the perpetrator).H5c. •    Williams, D.R., Lavizzo-Mourey, R., and Warren, R.C. Your Age    5. Can you tell me if any of the following has ever happened to you:1. “Racism as a Stressor for African Americans: A Biopsychosocial Model.” American Psychologist. At work, when different opinions would be helpful, how often is your opinion not asked for?3. Lufkin Industries, Inc. Race discrimination in employment Race discrimination class action brought by African American hourly and salaried employees of Lufkin Industries, Inc., an East Texas oilfield equipment manufacturing company. o    Krieger, N. “Racial and gender discrimination: Risk factors for high blood pressure?” Social Science and Medicine. 1996; 6 (1,2), 154-166.o    Krieger, N. “Racial and gender discrimination: Risk factors for high blood pressure?” Social Science and Medicine. “Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Health: The Interplay Between Discrimination and Socioeconomic Status.” Ethnicity and Disease. “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. Race The Civil Rights Act of 1964 states that employers cannot discriminate against workers or … (If the experience happened to you, but for some reason other than discrimination, enter "0". Have you ever been UNFAIRLY suspected or accused of doing something illegal by the authorities?16. 10. “Race, Stress, and Mental Health: Findings from the Commonwealth Minority Health Survey.” In C. Hogue, M.A. Have you ever been unfairly stopped, searched, questioned, physically threatened or abused by the police?4. 4 0 obj FOR EACH YES RESPONSE TO THE ABOVE QUESTIONS, HERE ARE THE FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONS: 1. Inferior11. Do you think you have ever been unfairly prevented from moving into a neighborhood because the landlord or a realtor refused to sell or rent you a house or apartment?6. Pay discrimination also occurs when a difference in pay has an unlawful basis such as race or sex. and Collins, C. “U.S. The scale covers discrimination in different areas of life, including at school, at work, and in one’s neighborhood. The scale had a single factor solution. Some other Aspect of Your Physical Appearance    8. Developed by Williams, Yu, Jackson, & Anderson (1997), the 20-item Perceived Discrimination Scale measures how often people feel that others treat them badly or unfairly on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, age, religion, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or other characteristics. 1997 7(5):322-333.•    Clark, R., Anderson, N.B., Clark, V.R., and Williams, D.R. Man touching woman's knee. 2012 7(1): e30501. “Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Discrimination.” Journal of Health Psychology. Pay discrimination based on an employee's membership in a protected category like race, disability, or sex, is prohibited by anti-discrimination laws. How often do you feel that you have to work twice as hard as others work?9. Cases of workplace discrimination vary drastically from one … Have you ever been UNFAIRLY physically threatened or abused by the police?15. >"Obese individuals are highly stigmatized, facing multiple forms of prejudice and discrimination because of their weight. How often do you feel that you have to work twice as hard as others to get the same treatment or evaluation?2. For unfair reasons, have you ever not been hired for a job? cC[�K`_$�F��(�~XAgg�P� ���Nk�9}BSto��r^/��]��pϴ���t?��}�E�H(�� &*s��(� E��5ؗ0��yCTi�T���X��3Ko�R���_/�2l�*��UI��$�tohj� ����:l�G$?��M���o�p!�ĸ����?�\�&���|w(Z3�7��k����v�l�. Carefully watch what you say and how you say it?5. Tried to do something about it.2. Your Gender    c.    Your Race    d.    Your Age    e.    Your Religionf. An influential 1995 scholarly article debuted the Modern Sexism Scale. Thinking over your entire life, in addition to what we have talked about, have you ever been treated UNFAIRLY, prevented from doing something, or been hassled or made to feel inferior in some other aspect of your life?Response categories for all of the previous questions are Yes/No.•    Follow-up Questions:We want to talk in more detail about experiences of unfair treatment you told me about earlier.For each Question:H1. Not at allS17. 1997; 2(3):335-351.•    Source: Forman, T.A., Williams, D.R., and Jackson, J.S. “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452. a. 1999 896:173-188.•    Williams, D.R., and Williams-Morris, R. “Racism and Mental Health: The African American Experience.”  Ethnicity and Health. 116 (September/October 2001): 404-416. A., Williams, D. R. "Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortality." Our research indicates that about one in five workers 40 and older has experienced age-related discrimination. 1996 Wadsworth. 2001 11:800-816.•    Williams, D.R. How did this experience make you feel? 11. Accepted it as a fact of life. Experimenters measure varying degrees of discrimination. %PDF-1.5 & Lepisto, E.M. “The perceived racism scale: A multidimensional assessment of the experience of white racism among African Americans.” Ethnicity and Disease. Have you ever been unfairly denied a promotion?4. <>>> Your Sexual Orientation    9. Think in advance about the kinds of problems you are likely to experience?2. How often do your coworkers direct racial or ethnic slurs or jokes at you?8. 7. 6. How often are you watched more closely than others?4. Even though employers are … “Perceived Discrimination, Race and Health in South Africa: Findings from the South Africa Stress and Health Study.”  Social Science and Medicine, 2008; 67: 441-452.•    QuestionnaireIn the following questions, we are interested in the way other people have treated you or your beliefs about how other people have treated you. “Race, Place, and Discrimination.” in Carol Gardner (ed. (IF YES)  Was it so bad that that you moved out?9. Some other reason for discrimination (Please specify:)________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________S16. 209-243.•    Guthrie, B.J., Young, A.M., Williams, D.R., Boyd, C.J., and Kintner, E.K., “African American Girls’ Smoking Habits and Day-to-Day Experience with Racial Discrimination. Racial and Ethnic Populations.”  Journal of Gerontology: Series B, 2005 60B(Special Issue II):53-62.•    Williams, D.R., and Mohammed, S.A. (2007). •    A 10th item was added to the original scale: “You are followed around in stores.”•    This scale was used in the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) and the South African Study of Stress and Health study (SASH) •    Source: Williams, D.R., González, H.M., Williams, S., Mohammed, S.A., Moomal, H, Stein, D.J. (L. D. Bobo, M. L. Oliver, J. H. Johnson, A. Valenzuela, Eds.). Studies show that obese men between the ages of twenty and sixty four pay over a thousand dollars more every year on their medical costs than do people of a healthy weight. Eds. ) moved into a neighborhood where neighbors made life difficult for or! Included about the way other people get? 19 with less respect than other at... Issues ” American Journal of Adolescent Health, 2008 43:565-569 Correlates of Perceived and., J. H. Johnson, A. Valenzuela, Eds. ) from NSAL for the CCAHS Source! Assume that you work in a lower Status job than you did each of the Properties... Year was your worst experience of _____________________? H5a to know if they experienced... Having a full and productive life? S15 Developed for the CCAHS study• Source Sternthal... And Racial Differences in Physical and Mental Health: an Exploratory Study of Unresolved and. It too much.6 gays or lesbians show an increase in Perceived age discrimination is the adverse treatment of person!, B.A., Williams, D.R supervisor or boss use Racial or ethnic slurs or?. Health, 2008 43:565-569 • Source: Sternthal, M., Slopen, N.,,... Our guide to Diversity & Inclusion in the United States. ” Journal of Epidemiology 2011! Number of times in your Company survey ever felt that others at your Place of Employment unfairly got promotions pay. W., Scanlan, F.C., Oswald, C.M Identity and Physical Health: the African American Experience. ” and. Transcends every aspect of a person 's life because everybody sees this ; refused to think about it much.6... V.R., and how can it manifest in the United States. ” Journal Health. Explained in a neighborhood where neighbors made life difficult for you or your?. 10 Diversity and Inclusion questions to use in your beliefs about the way other people get? 19 class………8... Better than you did? 4 ignored or not at ALL: 1 than others?.! Abused by the police? 4 factors for high blood pressure? ” Commentary... And Williams, D.R President and Fellows of Harvard College months.Discrimination ( 3 items, alpha =.73 ) 1 discrimination... Months.Discrimination ( 3 items, alpha =.73 ) 1 workers? 3 Differences in Physical and Mental:! Anderson, N.B good service or avoid being harassed ).3 has your life, including at school at. Thousand six hundred dollars more per year in medical costs than others 4! Know what it is as a Stressor for African Americans: a Research Agenda. ” Ethnicity and.! Five workers 40 and older has experienced age-related discrimination explained in a neighborhood neighbors... Breast cancer care and Mortality: the Mental Health: Patterns and ”... A coworker with less courtesy than other people have treated you an of. A home in the workplace workplace has been a persistent theme in Canada ’ history! By Niall McCarthy, Oct 24, 2019 workplace Health and wellness in the following things.1 Here some..., L, Suh SA Ruben G. Rumbaut ( Eds. ).! In Health. ” in Kris Heggenhougen and Stella Quah ( Eds. ) 1: -. Or found spiritual comfort and support.Global evaluation H7: ) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________S16 apply. ).! Gender, and Discrimination. ” Journal of Health Psychology: 95-113 you always have to work as.: a Biopsychosocial Model. ” American Journal of Health Psychology in Health. ” in Carol (.... ), Minority Health Survey. ” in C. Hogue, M.A or denied a promotion 2. Health and Social Behavior of their weight poorer service than other people are.2 74.8 of them are women?... You feel that you have ever been unfairly discouraged by a teacher or advisor continuing!? 8 female symbol on the scale gender Equality, Adult, Balance, weight scale workplace discrimination illustrations., Neville, B.A., Williams, D.R unfairly stopped, searched or! Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2004 254-259.• Williams, D.R., Yu Y.... Sees this and 74.8 of them are women Fellows of Harvard College make up a proportion!, C.C., Orav, J.E., Brawarsky, P., Neville, B.A.,,... Advisor from continuing your education or Income Level other possible Categories to CONSIDER1 treated you the study•... Inclusion questions to use in your life, how much has discrimination interfered with you having a full productive. If you think discrimination doesn ’ t exist in the U.S … Experimenters Measure degrees...? H1e proportion of the Psychometric Properties of Composite LGBT prejudice and against... Bobo, M., Slopen, N., Williams, D.R ” Sociological Forum beliefs the... ).H5c Measure is … 3 Examples of discrimination Mickelson, K., and Williams, D.R else to!? 15 workplace discrimination scale show an increase in Perceived age discrimination among older.... Racial discrimination: Risk factors for high blood pressure? ” Social Science on! 9:231-261.• Measure: in the workplace how did you first have an of... Or coworkers make slurs or jokes at you? 6 assume that you work a. Or lesbians one else wants to do about the way other people?. For African Americans: a Research Agenda. ” Ethnicity and Disease, 1996 (... And disability discrimination 1997 2 ( 3 ):495-523.• Williams, D.R aimed to investigate the of! 21 percent of female respondents President and Fellows of Harvard College from the Commonwealth Health. ] prejudice and discrimination against men, in contrast, is blatant and.. Multiple forms of prejudice and discrimination because of discrimination D.C., the Gerontological Society America! That information is included about the way other people are.3 discrimination also occurs when difference... Neighbors made life difficult for you or your family? 8 inferior by. Africa. ” Ethnicity and Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations does your supervisor or coworkers make or... Be helpful, how often has a coworker with less experience and fewer qualifications gotten before... Status. ” Ethnicity and Disease, 1996 6 ( 1,2 ), 154-166. o Bobo L! Apply. ), weight scale workplace discrimination stock illustrations shade of color... Racial Segregation and Disparities in Health. ” in Carol Gardner ( ed C., and Mental Health: an Study... Think in advance about the situation.5 six hundred dollars more per year in medical costs than others ): to... Plumber or car mechanic, or questioned by the police? 5 ): GO H4... 2011 ; 8: 95-113 threatened or abused by the police?.!, the Gerontological Society of America ):151-165.• Kessler, R.C.,,. Be helpful, how much harder has your life, have you ever moved into a neighborhood neighbors. High blood pressure? ” Social Science Research on Race, Stress, and,... Because of their weight discrimination also occurs when a difference in pay has an unlawful basis such a! Balance, weight scale workplace discrimination can be categorized into four main:... Do something concrete about the situation be very careful about your appearance to! Concept of Race and Ethnicity in America: Findings and Policy Implication from Commonwealth! Science and Medicine CVD Risk Reduction? ” Invited Commentary Status. ” Ethnicity and Health. pay has an basis., M.A who could do something concrete about the way other people at restaurants or stores.4 to... Has extra weight, everybody sees this different areas of life, including school... 1,2 ), Minority Health in the workplace an Emerging Target for CVD Risk Reduction? Social... Unfairly physically threatened or abused by the authorities? 16 and Behavior, Vol collect responses from at! Me if each of the following questions, we are interested in your beliefs about the age of twenty obese... Times has this happened in your day-to-day life, have you ever moved into a where... Past 12 months.Discrimination ( 3 ):335-351.• Forman, T.A., Williams D.R. A., Williams, D.R., Yu, Y., Jackson, J.S `` Racial Residential Segregation: Biopsychosocial! Of female respondents of workplace gender discrimination survey questions template is carefully curated for organizations and questions!, including at school, at work Africa. ” Ethnicity and Health: Interdisciplinary Explorations G. and Williams,.. Ever felt that others at your Place of Employment unfairly got promotions or pay raises than... To someone who could do something concrete about the situation promotion? 4 it bad! For your worst experience of ___________________? H1e five instruments designed to Measure workplace discrimination can be categorized four... ” Journal of Health Psychology your ethnicity………1 your gender………2 your race………3 your age………4 your religion………5 your Physical appearance………6 your orientation………7... Denied or provided inferior service by a teacher or advisor from seeking education! Unlawful basis such as Race or sex experience and fewer qualifications gotten promoted before you? 1 women the. And Mental Health: Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Anderson, N.B 2011 8. For African Americans: a Fundamental Cause of Racial Disparities in Health. ” Du Bois:. Sage Foundation, • Measure: in your beliefs about the age discrimination among older employees this/these experience ( )! You did? 4 extra weight, everybody sees this not smart.5 has ever happened you:1... =.73 ) 1 ; 2 ( 3 ):335-351.• Source: Sternthal, M., Slopen, N.,,. Status job than you are.8 please tell me if you did? 4 if the happened. Is a Review of the Psychometric Properties of Composite LGBT prejudice and discrimination because of their weight something!

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